Today a totally different country is being implicit Burma — strategically, socially, and monetarily. A piece of the assignment is physical: to fix war harm and make sufficient modern ability to improve expectations for everyday comforts and make out country self-maintaining; a considerably larger part is social and mental: to teach a people since a long time ago held somewhere around expansionism in the methods of popular government and self-advancement.
Since there is almost no private capital in Burma, the significant duty has unavoidably fallen upon the Government. Its most prominent endeavors are currently being applied to such fields as these.
Training: Free to all. Free course readings for penniless understudies. Numerous new schools being inherent provincial zones. Fivefold extension of Rangoon University, and a few branches. Mandalay College to be raised to college status. New specialized and agrarian schools. State grants for cutting edge concentrate abroad. Instructor preparing. Mass instruction program for grown-ups. Burma Translation Society book projects. Book of Michael
Wellbeing: Campaigns against jungle fever, tuberculosis, uncleanliness, and venereal and scourge illnesses. Instruction for better nourishment and disinfection. New emergency clinics. Country wellbeing focuses. Meternity centers. Preparing of general wellbeing laborers and attendants.
Horticulture: Redistribution of huge property to the landless. Bringing down of interest on harvest credits. Twentyfold expansion altogether of harvest credits since freedom. Improvement of co-agents. Improvement of cultivating techniques. Enhancement of horticulture. Analyses with new yields.
DEMOCRATIZATION: Voting mandatory. Chosen town chambers to supplant old headman framework. Decentralization of police and courts. Arrangement of democratization of neighborhood organization in activity in ten locale (33% of the country) as a trial. Professional preparing to restore agitators. Cross country ladies’ and youth associations.
Work: A full scope of enactment to ensure the privileges of laborers and improve working conditions. Twofold rates for extra time past legal 44 hours in manufacturing plants. Support of the worker’s organization development. Opening of work government assistance focuses.
Shared DEVELOPMENT: Under the Pyidawtha (“Happy Land”) program, awards are made to networks, which are coordinated by intentional commitments of work or cash, to construct wells, water system frameworks, water stockpiling tanks, removal frameworks, streets, spans, schools, libraries, and other social government assistance structures.
What’s more, there are projects for growing better metropolitan lodging and improving the transportation, electric force, and interchanges frameworks. A portion of our major mechanical ventures are laid out in the conversation of Burma’s economy on the following page.
These are aspiring objectives and progress in certain fields has been deferred by lack of assets and agitated conditions. However, Government and individuals the same are resolved that another and better country will emerge in Burma in the most limited conceivable time.
AGRICULTURE: Redistribution of large holdings to the landless. Lowering of interest on crop loans. Twentyfold increase in total of crop loans since independence. Development of co-operatives. Improvement of farming methods. Diversification of agriculture. Experiments with new crops.
DEMOCRATIZATION: Voting compulsory. Elected village councils to replace old headman system. Decentralization of police and courts. System of democratization of local administration in operation in ten districts (one third of the country) as an experiment. Vocational training to rehabilitate insurgents. Nation-wide women’s and youth organizations.
LABOR: A full range of legislation to protect the rights of workers and improve working conditions. Double rates for overtime beyond statutory 44 hours in factories. Encouragement of the trade union movement. Opening of labor welfare centers.
COMMUNAL DEVELOPMENT: Under the Pyidawtha (“Happy Land”) program, grants are made to communities, which are matched by voluntary contributions of labor or money, to build wells, irrigation systems, water storage tanks, disposal systems, roads, bridges, schools, libraries, and other social welfare buildings.
In addition, there are projects for developing better urban housing and improving the transportation, electric power, and communications systems. Some of our major industrial projects are outlined in the discussion of Burma’s economy on the next page.
These are ambitious goals and progress in some fields has been delayed by shortage of funds and unsettled conditions. But Government and people alike are determined that a new and better nation will arise in Burma in the shortest possible time.